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Jim Krause | Classes | P356 TV Studio Production

Week 14

Announcements/Reality Check

  • Quiz #5 (last quiz before final exam)
  • Final Projects (part 1) this week. Don't forget that you need to write a two-page final project/class critique. These are due at the latest one week after you produce your scene.
  • Comprehensive review for the Final Exam next week


  • New Technologies in Studio Production
  • Final Project planning time

New Trends in Multi-Camera Studio Production

More and more TV studios are using motion control cameras, flourescent and LED lighting, and virtual sets.

Multi-camera field production is incorporating camera mounts which allow for more interesting angles and dynamic shots.

Motion Control & Robotic Cameras:

Shows that have elaborate openings are often programmed with elements such as robotic camera support. This provides a way to use repeatable and complex moves easily.

Vinten's robotic-controlled pedestal:

Virtual Sets

SkyCam - cable-mounted camera system

2K, 4K, UltraHD, and beyond.....

HD is great but there's something even better: 2K and 4K. Check out the wikipedia entry on it.

2K provides only slightly more information than HD. 2048 pixels per line compared with 1920. But the format was embraced by the digital cinema industry. The Phantom Menace introduced the world to Digital Cinema. Digital Cinema is not about production- but the distribution of theatrical content.

Most have ignored 2K and focused on 4K, which essentially provides 4 times the information as HD.

Just as HD comes in varying pixel dimensions for broadcast and recording 4K comes in different sizes as well. Most variations of 4K have 4096 pixels per line.

UltraHD (Ultra High-Definition) refers to any format from 4K to above.

It's possible to produce and deliver content at even much higher resolutions. (E.g. 10k 10328 x 7760 pixels). Here's a link to a 10k timelapse video shot in Brazil.

Metadata & Closed Captioning

Metadata is embedded information about the program itself (such as the title, running time, production notes, etc). Closed-captioning is text that can be displayed on screen for the hearing-impaired. Carried in the vertical blanking interval, the FCC mandates that all stations broadcast programming with closed captioning data. In addition, with the advent of interactive or enhanced TV, there is quite a bit of information that can be packaged within the video signal. For instance you might want to embed information on products, actors, production notes etc into the program content, which, with the right systems be viewed by viewers with interactive-capable sets.

Vocabulary (Know these terms)

  • 2K
  • 4K
  • Closed-captioning
  • Digital Cinema
  • Metadata
  • Robotic Pedestal
  • Ultra HD
  • Virtual Set

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