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Jim Krause | Classes | P351 Video Field & Post Production

Week 15


  • This week in lab we're watching Final Projects in Studio 5 starting promptly at 9 AM. Don't be late!
  • Please double check your project (file size, proper codec, pixel dimensions, audio, etc.) and make sure it starts and ends in black. Upload it to our shared Google Drive folder well before it is due. Projects that are too big are difficult for people to download. If your project is too big, just bring it into Media Encoder and export an H.264 with about 70% quality.
  • FINAL EXAM: The Spring P351/J560 Final Exam (scheduled by the Registrar) is 5:20 PM, Wednesday, May 4 and administered via Canvas. (Day & time assigned by registrar.)

Final Thoughts

Hopefully this class has given you a chance to create some good portfolio projects. Your education is just beginning. If you are dedicated to following the path of production & design you need to continually seek out opportunities to learn, stay on top of emerging gear and procedures, and continue adding to your portfolio.

A few recommendations:

Final Test Review

Final Exam is worth 70 points! The best way to review for it is to study the class notes and the midterm (expect everything you got wrong on the midterm to be on the final). The final will be true/false, multple choice, and short answer. It will cover the following areas:

  • Shooting/Editing Techniques
    • Cybercollege editing guidelines
      • Edits work best when motivated
      • Whenever possible cut on subject movement.
      • Keep in Mind the Strengths and Limitations of the Medium (TV is a close-up medium)
      • Cut away from the scene the moment the visual statement has been made.
      • Emphasize the B-Roll
      • If in doubt, leave It out
    • Technical continuity vs production (shooting/editing) continuity
    • Continuity editing
    • Acceleration editing
    • Expanding time
    • Causality & Motivation (Must have in order to be successful)
    • Relational editing (Shots gain meaning when juxtaposed with other images. Pudovkin's experiment)
    • Thematic editing (montage)
    • Parallel editing
  • Cameras
    • Imaging devices: CCDs and CMOS
    • Sensor size (matters) especially in regard to Depth of Field
    • What are the main factors impacting DOF? (imager size & aperture)
    • Zebra stribes - What are they good for? What would you set them for?
    • Viewfinders: focus assist (peaking & magnify features)
    • Gain/ISO - What does turning up the gain do?
    • Shutter speeds - what is a faster shutter speed good for (2 good uses)
  • Lenses
    • Depth of Field - what affects this?
    • Rack focus - How can you achieve this?
    • Angle of view & focal length - How are they related?
    • f-stops - Know your f-stops & what they mean
    • ND filters - What are they good for?
  • Audio
    • Audio Perspective (What is it?)
    • Microphones (types: polar patterns / electrical characteristics)
    • Hz (same as cycles per second) and kHz (Hz x 1000)
    • balanced v unbalanced
    • Normalizing - (What does this do?)
  • Lighting
    • types of lighting instruments
    • color temp
    • HMI , LED, flourescent
    • Lux vs footcandles
    • soft vs hard key
    • broad vs narrow lighting
  • Video signal / technology
    • ATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee) developed standards for digital broadcast & distribution
    • Codecs (What does it stand for? GOP aka interframe verses intraframe)
    • Color Bars
    • Color Correction & Color Grading
    • Color sampling (4:4:4 v 4:2:2 v 4:1:1)
    • Digital Cinema vs Digital Cinematography
    • Frame rate for broadcast TV: 30 fps (actually 29.97)
    • Frame rate for digital film: 24 fps (actually 23.976)
    • HD vs 2K & 4K (UHD)
    • HD pixel dimensions (1920 x 1080 or 1280 x 720)
    • LUT (What is it?)
    • Metadata
    • NTSC, PAL, SECAM (World standards)
    • progressive v interlace video signals
    • Pulldown process (converting 24 fps to 30 fps, interlaced)
    • Timecode (difference between drop frame & non-drop frame)
    • Waveform monitors & vectorscopes (What are they and what do they show?)
      • important IRE levels: (0 & 100)


  • We'll meet at 9AM so you can introduce your projects and carry out the Peer Critiques.
    • Before watching any videos, start a new document in Text Edit. Include your name at the top.
    • For each project, every student must write down the name of the student whose video they are critiquing, at least two things that they thought were done well, and at least two ways they think it could be improved. (Bullet points are fine.
    • When you have finished watching all of the videos and writing your comments, upload a copy to the Peer Critiques folder in our IU Box Final Projects folder.



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